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3. Cultural - sub-text and semiotic analysis of cultural "artifacts." (terminology, context, interpretation) homework: 

youtube:  (what does this cultural artifact tell us about the conceptualizations and desires of contemporary Japanese urban cultures?

Semiotics (also called semiotic studies and in the Saussurean tradition called semiology) is the study of meaning-making, the philosophical theory of signs and symbols. This includes the study of signs and sign processes (semiosis), indication, designation, likeness,analogymetaphorsymbolism, signification, and communication

  • Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913), the "father" of modern linguistics, proposed a dualistic notion of signs, relating the signifier as the form of the word or phrase uttered, to thesignified as the mental concept. It is important to note that, according to Saussure, the sign is completely arbitrary—i.e., there was no necessary connection between the sign and its meaning. This sets him apart from previous philosophers, such as Plato or the Scholastics, who thought that there must be some connection between a signifier and the object it signifies. In his Course in General Linguistics, Saussure credits the American linguist William Dwight Whitney (1827–1894) with insisting on the arbitrary nature of the sign. Saussure's insistence on the arbitrariness of the sign also has influenced later philosophers and theorists such as Jacques DerridaRoland Barthes, and Jean Baudrillard. Ferdinand de Saussure coined the term sémiologie while teaching his landmark "Course on General Linguistics" at the University of Geneva from 1906 to 1911. Saussure posited that no word is inherently meaningful. Rather a word is only a "signifier", i.e., the representation of something, and it must be combined in the brain with the "signified", or the thing itself, in order to form a meaning-imbued "sign". Saussure believed that dismantling signs was a real science, for in doing so we come to an empirical understanding of how humans synthesize physical stimuli into words and other abstract concepts.

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 sodomy initially defined as unnatural sex, sex not done for the sake of procreation
uk passed first sodomy law in 1538, so prior to that weird sex was taboo but not illegal
Sodomy Laws in Europe, brought with them to colonies
1980 last sodomy law struck down in us, Texas 
sodomy laws and ship w colonialism
19th century thinking changed (enlightenment, etc) hang on bible laws probably isn`t great
napoleonic code 1803 first legal system in west w out laws against homosexuality
consensual adult sex is ok, but they got finicky w definition of adults so that was how they got u

kertbenny. change the word of an issue, change how it's thought about
sodomite 8related to sin) -> homosexual 8SCIENCE)

the importance of labels
transsexuals have the rough end of the stick
categories, names  do not have an objective value
it's the propagation of ideas so they can't be ultimately true or ultimately false
going for the clinical aspect is quite important but also kinda mostly impossible

kertbenny's views on things reflected use of language
legal, clinical, inborn, not by choice
therefore, colder, harsher terms

gotta be quite thoughtful about words friend. 

words have biased slants in charged subjects
so proper language, clean cut 

ferdinand sasur

one of the 3 projects 8BL0
cover one of the icons 8ferdinand etc
think of a non-western LGBT historical icon


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Yu, or Mu

September 2015

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