Apr. 23rd, 2015

mugen_edamame: (Default)
 代謝divided into 2
異化 catabolism   energy you get from breaking down food and shit
and
同化 anabolism energy used up to make shit like cells and shit 

eg plant takes in water carbon dioxide etc to grow is 同化

plant releasing CO2 and 02 from respiration and chlorophyll shit is 異化

body made from cells yeahhahhahh

組織の中で適切に働くように細胞は分化している

転写 transcription
翻訳 translation

consumes energy to make RNA, to make Protein (which needs energy and bits 酵素 enzyme)
rnaが遺伝情報とタンパク質合成の仲立ちとなる
energy taken from food, and stored in easy to use ATP form

enzymes catalyse breaking down of shit, and chain of stuff happening is called METABOLIC PATHWAY

aside from atp u also can get energy in forms of gtp, fadhs nadh2 and nadph2

but atp is most commonly used



y do we need energy buddiezz
nucleotideの伸長、ribosomeにおける翻訳など、細胞の中でおこるあらゆる反応にはenergyが必要
典型的なものは筋肉の收縮

呼吸鎖
biggest producer of AtP (was it?)

many different pathways for ATP w varying levels of efficacy
but some are anaerobic, which is their selling point 解糖系 glycolysis

有酸素運動 aerobic activity
good for health because it burns 脂質
anaerobic (sudden and intense) does not draw from fat
無酸素運動 can help you through about 400 meters before it goes fuck off to hell m8 i need a break

glucose gets converted to energy better than pocari
fructose is harder to convert to energy 取り出しにくい
and fructose 蓄積 more easily stored than burned, can instead make you gain weight, accumulates in oily form a lot

shit that matters for ATP production
mitochondria 
and cytosol

MITOCHONDRIA IS THE POWERHOUSE OF THE CELL
外膜、内膜、基質、クリステ
連続的に千篇をなんちゃらなんちゃら

発エルゴン反応is 異化反応
An exergonic process is one in which there is a positive flow of energy from the system to the surroundings. 
酵素helps process go through (activation energy 活性化エネルギー)

吸エルゴン反応is同化反応
means "absorbing energy in the form of work." Endergonic reactions are not spontaneous

共役反応
coupled reaction
そこでエネルギーを供給(kyoukyuu,supplyする反応を共役させて、エネルギー収支をあわせる

エネルギー供給分子
adenosine triphosphate

breaking down of atp to adp releases useable energy

in glycolysis, glucose is converted to glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate and then to pyruvate, nett gain of 2 ATP, is anaerobic

nadph
fadh2



coEnzymeA
補酵素coA
脂肪を蓄積
lipids as they are cant be broken down for energy
so coA breaks them down so that they can be catalysed



電子の運搬








Profile

mugen_edamame: (Default)
Yu, or Mu

September 2015

S M T W T F S
  12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728 29 30   

Most Popular Tags

Page Summary

Style Credit

Expand Cut Tags

No cut tags