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[personal profile] mugen_edamame
 social dimension of anthropocene 1

also making groups for final project

195 nation states (bitches) as recognised by govt of japan

people fucking up at point A is being felt in point B
no one is happy but karma isn't immediately biting people in the right place. eg typhoons slamming into southeast asia w out remorse, hurricane damage in latin america etc but the causes of these things are related to the rapid development of developed cuntries

if you deal w social problems the knock on effectis improvement in environmental and planetary boundaries

think about OVERCONSUMPTION

frameworks of dealing with problems
-treaties
-governmental organisations
-UN n shit

Westphalia System of International Relations
'anarchy' style, which means that there is no super-government entity that supersedes the COLLECTION of nation states


Traditional International Relations Perspective

Nation state is the unit of analysis in IR

NATIONAL SECURITY is most important, gotta look out for number 1, so you need power
Power (military and security means) fundamental to IR, considered as high politics 高次元政治
social and economic affairs are considered as 低次元政治

Nation state is one integrated unit, and is a Rational Actor (doesn't go ayyyy lmao and make random ass awful decisions)


CONTEMPORARY IR
Problems that cannot be understood/resolved only by international relations

Economy, market: cooperation against recession, currency exchange, etc

War against terrorism

Global Environment -> Biodiversity (eg hunting of large game in Africa, but goods sold abroad so becomes a global problems, but fundamental issue has to do with wealth inequality, a social issue), climate change nado

Global issues like Health, Refugee, Development

Internet

-----

International Relations can be said to be over. It's not between countries, set by the handful, but problems being faced are on a global level

-----

9/11
wars traditionally ctry v ctry
but in 9/11 
a ngo of terrorists and slams into the face of a nation state
an imbalance in the participants
but the countermeasure by the US has to go through the nation state level, which is why Bush administration started selling the idea that countries that house terrorists are Evil countries, so war by USA could be waged against these countries

----


starting from industrial revolution, up till present time, count it all in and the UK has contributed the most to fucking up the climate
but not like they knew what the shit was going down all science like way back when (18th century dakke)

-----

y axis +ve side is cosmopolitanism (belief that all people belong to one community based on shared morality)

-ve side is nationalism, that nation states stand best alone, and whatever you are i am better


x axis +ve egalitarian (socialism) that hella digs social efficiency, so people aren't dealt with on a person to person level but in herds, so collective action is the best way to solve social problems is what this system believes

-ve aixs is rationalism (individualism) relates to current structure of economy. people go at their own pace, and put them all together and somehow it harmonises out

So say International Government, yeah, that falls on +ve +ve axis (cosmopolitanism, and egalitarian)
A super-national entity, an entity that is one step over nation states, that treats a collection of nation states as one herd, where directives would be handed down and then shared within the individual gnu's systems (gnu being individual national state)




On the side of rationalism and cosmopolitanism
Networked Governance
for example Arab Spring, usage of social networking sites to connect and come up w solutions. it's not a formal problem solving manner but it can work




Egalitarian and Nationalism
Closed Regionalism (regional competition) 



Rationalism and Nationalism
Competition (Hobbs)
competition encourages innovation, which can lead to solutions








All these would be alternatives to Cooperation model that is not working out too great right now. 

















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Yu, or Mu

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